Chlamydia trachomatis (serotypes D to K) is an important and common sexually transmitted human pathogen. It is much more common than gonorrhoea.
The serotypes of С trachomatis isolated from genital infections differ from those usually isolated from trachoma (serotypes A to C). Serotypes LI, L2 and L3 cause lymphogranuloma venereum.
Non-gonococcal (NGU) and postgonococcal urethritis (PGU) in males and non-gonococcal cervicitis (NGC) in females were referred to as nonspecific genital infections because no aetiology was known. It has been shown that these conditions are commonly due to С trachomatis. The genital mycoplasmas including U urealyticum can commonly be isolated from the genital tracts of sexually active people and may be involved in genital infection. Other possible causes include some anaerobic bacteria and viruses.
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